Equine Welfare Network Guardian
AWARDED ANNUALLY
Effective Date
May 31, 2020


Bridle Paths
43427 Spinks Ferry Road
Leesburg, VA 20176

Mailing Address:
17160 Spring Creek Lane
Leesburg, VA 20176


Phone: 571-216-9089

EIN: 46-1402120
Founded: 2012
Last Updated 2020-06-29

View our WEBSITE

Bridle Paths
EQUINE WELFARE NETWORK GUARDIAN PROFILE
Effective Date: May 31, 2020 Last Updated: June 29, 2020

We are proud to be an EQUUS Foundation Guardian and share our horse care & use practices with the public.

MISSION & PROGRAMS

Our organization conducts Equine Assisted Services which are in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS).
Our organization does not provide community outreach and/or public education programs involving horses.
Our organization is directly responsible for the care and shelter of equines involved in our programs.
100% of our total programs and services are horse-related.
Number of facilities/locations where horses used in our programs are HOUSED AND CARED FOR or were HOUSED AND CARED FOR during 2019: 1
     *1. Bridle Paths
* Operational in 2019

Mission:
Bridle Paths is an all-volunteer organization that offers meaningful paths to connection, in partnership with horses. Our mission is to offer strength, support, and healing to individuals and families through safe, effective, and high-quality equine-assisted activities and therapies.
     
     We provide therapeutic horseback riding instruction, equine-assisted learning, and equine-assisted psychotherapy services to individuals and families faced with physical, cognitive, psychological, and emotional needs.
     
     It is our vision to sustain an environment and an opportunity for our clients to connect, communicate, and trust, in partnership with horses.
     
     Our work is guided by our values, which include:
     Respect for the individual, both human and equine
     Focus on abilities and possibilities, rather than on labels and diagnoses
     Delivery of safe, ethical, and emotionally-attuned services

Summary of organization's goals, strategies to achieve the goals, accomplishments, and capabilities to meet the goals, including its long-term plans to sustain its programs:
Bridle Paths provides an array of complementary services, with a consistent emphasis on relationships, communication, and meaningful paths to connection, in partnership with horses. Outlined below are our goals and associated results.
     
     SHORT TERM GOALS:
     (1) Build operating funds to provide optimal care for our horses
     (a) We have expanded our board to include individuals with considerable marketing, communication, website design, board governance, and financial and accounting experience.
     (b) We entered into a partnership with the George Mason University Honors College to produce updated program brochures and rack cards for our major service areas and fundraising needs.
     (c) We served 32 unique therapeutic riding clients and 15 unique equine-assisted psychotherapy clients in 2019, increasing program service revenue to nearly $40,000.
     (d) Program contributions (including individual donors, grants, and fundraising events) have increased to more than $40,000.
     (e) Program President Katie Fallon was recognized in the Loudoun100 initiative.
     (f) We created another calendar fundraiser containing photographs of our horses donated by Erin Gilmore Photography.
     
     (2) Develop sustainable programs for veterans, service members, and their families
     (a) In 2019, we served approximately 60 unique veterans and service members in nearly 70 sessions.
     (b) We received a $40,000 VA Adaptive Sports Grant to provide six, eight-week group equine therapy series for veterans and service members. To date, we have completed one of those groups; we are planning to complete more groups in the late spring and summer of 2020, and will request a no-cost extension of the 2019 grant if necessary in order to complete all groups funded by the grant.
     (c) We finalized a memorandum of understanding with the D.C. Mayor’s Office of Veterans Affairs to provide quarterly equine-assisted learning sessions for veterans. We planned to offer four of these groups in 2020, with transportation services for the veterans donated by a local transportation company. Because of the pandemic, we have postponed the start of those visits until late June.
     (d) We applied for a 2020 VA Adaptive Sports Grant to provide four EAP groups, four eight-week series of therapeutic horsemanship sessions for veterans who have completed an EAP group, and quarterly visits by veterans referred through the D.C. Mayor’s Office of Veterans Affairs between October 2020 and September 2021.
     
     (3) Expand equine-assisted learning programs
     (a) We conducted an eight-week EAL and internship program for young adults with autism spectrum disorders, funded by Autism Speaks. Each of the four young adult participants is completing an internship in areas such as facility safety, website design, video production, and records maintenance.
     (b) We provided three eight-week groups for adult survivors of traumatic brain injury, funded by a $9,600 grant from the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation.
     (c) We provided training and certification opportunities for equine-assisted activities and therapies professionals, including:
     • Hosting two Masterson Method Equine Specialist workshops for equine professionals from the United States and Canada, pursuant to which program president Katie Fallon received her certification as a Masterson Method Equine Specialist; and
     • Hosting a Level 1 Equine-Facilitated Learning training for the Human Equine Relational Development (HERD) Institute, subsequent to which program president Katie Fallon was invited to join the HERD Institute faculty.
     (d) We have submitted a grant application to 100WomenStrong to support the aforementioned brain injury survivor and caregiver groups.
     (e) We are continuing our outreach to residential and outpatient treatment facilities to develop and deliver programs for adolescents and teens.
     
     HONORS AND DISTINCTIONS:
     • Program horse Admiral received the Klinger Perpetual Award for Honor and Service for his work with military families, which was presented to him at the Washington International Horse Show in October 2017.
     • Program horse Elmo received an Honorable Mention in the 2018 Platinum Performance Horse Welfare Awards.
     • Bridle Paths was the first program in the country to host a Psychodynamic Equine-Assisted Trauma Therapy workshop with Ilka Parent of Minds-N-Motion in Germany, with participants attending from all over the United States and Australia, Canada, and Germany.
     • Bridle Paths was recognized by the Organization for Autism Research for our support as a business partner of Hire Autism and its mission to employ individuals with autism.
     • Bridle Paths President Katie Fallon serves on the board of the Northern Shenandoah Valley Community Veterans Engagement Board in Winchester, Virginia.
     • President Katie Fallon has presented on equine-assisted activities and therapies at the Mid-Atlantic Play Therapy Training Institute, the PATH, Intl. national conference, Horse Sense of the Carolinas, and NVLPC (the professional organization for counselors in Northern Virginia).
     • President Katie Fallon was recognized in the 2019 Loudoun100 initiative, a program that showcases ordinary people with extraordinary stories in Loudoun County, Virginia. More than 600 people were nominated for this recognition, but only 100 were chosen to have their stories individually recorded and placed in the Loudoun100 mini-film and the official book.
     
     CLIENT TESTIMONIALS:
      I cannot thank you and Bridle Paths enough…. working with you and your horses has changed [my family's] life!...I will never forget you telling me that I have to be myself around the horses and I cannot hide my emotions… that was such a great thing to experience for my grief, to be accepted by [my horse] the way I am, sometimes broken, sometimes sad, sometimes defeated, excited, happy, strong…. thank you for giving me a place to be me and honestly learn to be comfortable with the new me and all the emotions that come with my PTSD... (Veteran and family)
     
     I am so grateful to [Bridle Paths] for giving me this piece of my confidence back...that helped me trust the process to make it back to where I needed to be. (Traumatic brain injury survivor)
     
     Bridle Paths has been instrumental in reducing anxiety for my 21-yr old son with autism...His success [there] carries over to the rest of his life...We remind him that he had a welcoming and compassionate place where he belongs. (Parent)
     
     LONG-TERM GOALS:
     We seek to ensure program sustainability and to consolidate our work at the nexus of physical, cognitive, and emotional needs over the next 3-5 years. To that end, we have partnered with an additional EAGALA-certified mental health professional who works with adolescents and teens and has begun the process of PATH therapeutic riding instructor certification. We are continuing to expand our grant-funded programs for individuals with emotional and communication challenges. Plans are in the works to reschedule equine-facilitated learning workshops with the HERD Institute later in 2020. Additionally, we have established a reserve fund that we will leverage through fundraising activities to support the provision of services for military and civilian clients in need and to cover veterinary and other horse care expenses.
     
     COVID-19 ADDENDUM
     Because of the Covid-19 pandemic, Bridle Paths is unable to serve our clients for at least 12 weeks. Our emotionally vulnerable clients suffer from the inability to gather with our horses and our volunteers in person, and we lack wifi and other capabilities to provide virtual sessions. Program revenues have dropped precipitously as a result. Volunteer support is greatly reduced as a consequence of Virginia's stay-at-home order, and donor support (including certain grants for which we have already applied) has dwindled. Meanwhile, our horse care expenses continue unabated. It is our goal to identify resources that will help us to sustain operations and meet the needs of our clients when quarantine restrictions are relaxed.
     
     Bridle Paths has responded to the financial implications of the pandemic by: applying for a $10,000 grant from the Small Business Administration; reducing costs where possible; accessing funds available through our aforementioned reserve fund; and conducting outreach to our existing community, as well as to new corporate and individual donors, to generate resources of time and treasure. These steps will help to sustain us through the current crisis, replenish our reserve fund, and build relationships that will support our future growth.
     
     Pending changes in applicable quarantine restrictions, we are continuing to provide the best possible care for each of our nine horses. This includes all scheduled vaccination, dental, and farrier care, as well as schooling and conditioning activities that support our horses’ needs for physical activity and mental and social enrichment. We record and share photos and videos of these activities on our social media accounts and with our current clients and volunteers, in an effort to preserve connection in our community. Our board of directors is in frequent contact through email and virtual meeting channels to identify and access means of support for the program. We anticipate experiencing a tremendous demand for our services among existing and new clients as pandemic precautions are eased. Therefore, we also are using this hiatus to improve on our technology, forms, and recordkeeping to permit more efficient and timely delivery and evaluation of our services and supports.

Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
Our organization provides the following equine assisted services (EAS):
    Therapeutic Mounted Services
    Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
Not Checked:
    Therapeutic Driving Services
    Therapeutic Vaulting Services
    Therapeutic Unmounted Services
    Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology (Hippotherapy)
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Academic Learning
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Self-improvement/Wellness/Team Building/Personal Coaching/Professional Coaching

Our organization provides services for the following specific populations:
Children (10 & Under)
Tweens (11-12)
Teens (13-18)
Young Adults (19-21)
Adults (Over 21)
Seniors (65-79)
Elderly (80 & Over)
Veterans
At-Risk Youth

Our organization provides services to individuals with:
Alzheimers/Dementia, Arthritis, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Autism, Behavioral disorders, Cerebral palsy, Chronic illness, Cognitive disabilities, Development delay or disability, Down Syndrome, Emotional disabilities, Epilepsy, Genetic conditions/disorders, Grief, Head Trauma/Brain Injury, Intellectual disability, Learning disabilities, Mental health disabilities, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), Physical disabilities, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Speech impairment, Stroke, Substance abuse/addiction, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Overview of our programs involved with providing EAS to individuals with special needs:
     Bridle Paths serves children and adults with challenges that are often invisible - attention deficit disorder, autism spectrum disorders, anxiety and depression, seizure disorders, brain injuries, post-traumatic stress, and trauma. We also serve veterans, service members, and their families, at no cost to them. Our clients rely on us to provide a space of safety, authenticity, and community.
     
     PRIMARY PROGRAMS:
     THERAPEUTIC RIDING programs at Bridle Paths offer adapted riding instruction to children and adults with physical, cognitive, behavioral, and emotional needs. In addition to mounted instruction, lessons incorporate groundwork in horse care and horsemanship. Our therapeutic equines are carefully chosen for their temperament, training, and quality of movement, and each lesson is staffed with a certified instructor and trained and committed volunteers to conduct lessons safely. Most of our therapeutic riding clients participate in weekly private lessons that are an hour in length and include both unmounted and mounted components.
     
     EQUINE ASSISTED PSYCHOTHERAPY (EAP) is an experiential therapeutic approach that addresses treatment goals using collaborative efforts among a horse professional, licensed therapist, the horse, and the client. Each client-driven session includes hands-on activities with the horses, as well as processing (discussion) of feelings, behaviors, and patterns designed to enable clients to learn about themselves and others. Clients interact with the horses on the ground and use nonverbal communication, problem solving, and creative thinking to address a variety of mental health and developmental issues. The EAP process is solution-focused and is considered a short-term or "brief" approach designed to activate the client's own healing resources. EAP sessions with private clients are scheduled primarily on Wednesday of each week; precise schedules are determined by client needs and availability and the schedules of referring and participating mental health professionals.
     
     EQUINE ASSISTED LEARNING offers opportunities for clients to engage in hands-on learning opportunities with our horses, and to explore the connections that can be made between horses and humans. Among the areas addressed in these groups are: cognitive and physical development, executive functioning skills, and emotional and social development. In these groups, we explore topics such as mindfulness, communication, boundaries, safety and flexibility, belonging and fit, collaboration, and integration. These groups are targeted to the specific needs of particular populations, including survivors of traumatic brain injury, individuals with social and communication challenges, and veterans and service members, and are scheduled according to the needs and availability of participants and facilitators.

At a time when equestrian sports are under pressure to protect horses while making those sports more accessible, so too must all equine organizations ensure that horses are treated humanely when interacting with people with and without special needs. Our organization takes the following steps to ensure that horses are benefiting from their interactions with people:
     It is our premise at Bridle Paths that our program is only as safe and effective as our horses are happy, healthy, and comfortable. For that reason, we are vigilant to ensure that each horse receives the care, training, and support that he or she needs to participate willingly in the programs that Bridle Paths offers.
     
     We recognize that equine-assisted activities and therapies can be extremely stressful for horses, insofar as the horses regularly interact with clients who can be unpredictable and unbalanced. Further, we know that many of our horses come to us as a second or even a third career, and that they may have physical limitations such as arthritis, visual impairments, ulcers, and dentition issues. For these reasons, we maintain each horse on a regular program of veterinary and farrier care (including medications, supplements, and alternative therapies when necessary), as well as dental care and regular evaluations of tack fit, to ensure that each horse can engage in mounted work as comfortably as possible. We are hosting two Masterson Method Equine Specialist bodywork sessions, and have received training in this method to help our horses to release tension in their bodies in a relaxed way. We support our clients in sharing this work with the horses. Our feeding program takes account of tooth wear, ulcers, and possible endocrine issues.
     
     Program staff and volunteers participate in twice-weekly lessons with a former advanced level eventer who has designed a schooling and conditioning program that is specific to each horse's physical condition and limitations, training, and enrichment. The horses take hacks around the property, jump, do dressage, long line, and longe with experienced riders and horse handlers to maintain their strength, balance, and flexibility, and to provide a counterpoint to the work they do with our special needs clients.
     
     We also recognize that horses may struggle to engage with our clients, volunteers, and visitors, because many people are unaware of the nature of horses as sentient beings. People often think of doing "to" horses, rather than doing "with" them as partners, particularly in the competition venues from which our horses often come. Therefore, we are diligent in sensitizing and educating clients, volunteers, and visitors alike to the nature of horses as prey animals and herd animals, and in training everyone to work with the horses in an attuned, quiet, and respectful manner. Safety is enhanced as people become proficient in reading the horses' subtle cues, thereby precluding the need for the horses to communicate more "loudly" by kicking, biting, bucking, rearing, etc. Each of our weekly clients spends time on the ground with his or her horse, grooming and tacking and noticing how the horses is doing on that particular day; in some cases, clients may opt not to ride at all, rather engaging in some sort of groundwork with the horses.
     
     In training volunteers and working with clients, we emphasize the fact that each horse is an individual, with his or her unique temperament and experiences. Not every horse is required to do every job in the program. Certain horses can move easily among the therapeutic riding, equine-assisted learning, and equine-assisted psychotherapy aspects of the program (and in fact, they sometimes seem to enjoy this "cross training.") However, a few of our horses find the under saddle work to be difficult, because of previous bad experiences with riders or heightened reactivity to outside stimuli. These horses work almost exclusively in the groundwork parts of the program, such as equine-assisted psychotherapy; two of our horses work particularly well with clients with experiences of trauma and substance use disorders because of their reactivity and sensitivity. We know that this emotional "heavy lifting" can be challenging for a horse to handle, so we are scrupulous about debriefing our equine partners with a good scratch or groom, an opportunity to roll or run in the arena, or a return to the stall for some quiet time. Some horses have indicated clearly that they cannot work in two psychotherapy sessions in one day, and we honor that request.
     
     As noted elsewhere in this document, the Bridle Paths program provides emotionally-attuned services with a focus on relationship, communication, connection, and trust. The relationship with the horse provides clients with a rare opportunity to come as they are, and to be who they are, without judgment or expectation. On occasion, horses that enter the program demonstrate challenges other than the physical; for example, they may be highly sensitive and reactive on the ground or under saddle, or they might be shut down and wary of engaging with people. Especially for our clients who have experienced trauma, interacting with these types of horses can externalize and normalize some of their personal challenges. We encourage our clients to be curious about the information the horse shares, and we teach techniques and skills that can help to settle and soothe these more fractious horses. As these clients feel more grounded and stabilized, they can begin to engage with their horses and with their environments in a more authentic and empowered way.


GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT & FINANCIAL REPORTING

Staff & Volunteers:
Chief Staff Officer (CSO):  Kathleen Fallon
Employees:   Full-Time:  0  Part-Time:  0  Volunteers:  40
Staff Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Not applicable; We do not have paid staff
    One or more staff members are trained in CPR and human first aid
    One or more staff members are trained in equine first aid

Volunteer Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Prospective volunteers complete a written application
    Prospective volunteers must provide in writing if they have ever been convicted of a felony, convicted of a sexual offense, or convicted for animal cruelty or neglect
    Every volunteer is required to complete a Liability Release/Hold Harmless Agreement
    Every volunteer is required to provide Emergency Medical Information
    Every volunteer is required to sign a Photo Release
    Every volunteer provides parent/guardian information if applicable
    Every volunteer has a written job description
    Every volunteer is evaluated on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in their job description
    Every volunteer is updated on all the organization's policies and procedures on a annual and as needed basis or with any change in policy or procedure
    Every volunteer receives training that includes safety guidelines, confidentiality, horse handling, horse identification, and emergency procedures; additional training is job specific
    Every volunteer is assigned a supervisor (staff member and/or senior volunteer) and is responsible for keeping their supervisor up to date on work related activities
    The supervisor assesses the volunteer's abilities and assigns specific duties to the volunteer based on their skills
    The organization records and maintains written attendance information and hours on every volunteer
    The organization provides a Volunteer Handbook to every volunteer
    The Volunteer Handbook includes volunteer-related information, such as hours of work, dress code, cell phone usage, and the protocol for dismissal
    The Volunteer Handbook is reviewed annually and updated
    The organization holds regular orientation sessions for volunteers and prospective volunteers that includes an overview of the organization, its mission, activities, volunteer responsibilities and expectations, safety guidelines, and a tour of the facility
Not Checked:
    Every volunteer is required to undergo a Background Check
    Every volunteer carries current health insurance
    Every volunteer is subject to Random Drug Screening

Governing Body:
Board meetings per year:  7
Number of Board Members:  9  Number of Voting Board Members:  9

Board Compensation:
Is Board Chair compensated?  No  Is Treasurer compensated?  No
Are there any other Voting Board Members that are compensated?  No

Board/Staff Relationships:
Are any members of the Board or Staff related to each other through family or business relationships? No

Board Affiliations:
Are any Board members or Staff associated with and/or compensated by another organization with a relationship or business affiliation to your organization? No

Conflict of Interest:
Does your organization have a written conflict of interest policy and regularly and consistently monitor and enforce compliance with the policy, including requiring officers, directors or trustees, and key employees to disclose annually interests that could give rise to conflicts?  Yes

Disclosure:


Organization documents available on our website:
    Volunteer Handbook

Organization documents available on request:
    Most recent Financials
    Most recent IRS Form 990
    Most recent Annual Report
    Equine Intake Guidelines
    Volunteer Handbook
    Bylaws

Financial Reporting:
Month Fiscal Year Ends: 12
Type of Financial Reporting (Audit, Review, Compilation): Compilation
Type of IRS Filing (990, 990-EZ, 990-N): 990-EZ
Does the uploaded Pro Forma 990/990 represent 2019? No
View The IRS Form 990/Pro Forma 990


EQUINE COSTS

Total Facilities: 1
Bridle Paths: 2019 - Yes

Actual Horse Care Costs
$6161     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$2250     Bedding
$4050     Veterinarian
$7480     Farrier
$500     Dentist
$1950     Other Therapies
$0     Manure Removal
$2377     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$0     Maintenance
$768     Horse/Barn Supplies
$23400     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$58233     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$107169     2019 Total Horse Care Costs
Donated Horse Care Costs
$0     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$0     Bedding
$0     Veterinarian
$0     Farrier
$0     Dentist
$0     Other Therapies
$0     Manure Removal
$1000     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$0     Maintenance
$0     Horse/Barn Supplies
$0     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$179010     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$180010     2019 Total Donated Costs

/ Bridle Paths: Other actual costs include:
     Facility lease at $3,900 per month plus utility overages: $46,829
     Depreciation: $2,954
     Dues/Subscriptions/Memberships: $1,250
     Education and Training: $97
     Insurance: $4,844
     Licenses and Taxes: $421
     Miscellaneous Services (Blanket Cleaning, Saddle Fitting): $653
     Office Expense: $198
     Product Expense (Purchase of Calendars for Fundraiser): $626
     Website Expenses: $411
     
     Estimated values of donated services and products include:
     Vaccines donated by Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health
     Bookkeeping services valued at $1,000
     Approximately 7,000 hours of volunteer time in 2019, valued at $25.43 per hour, for a total of $178,010

Average direct cost per day per horse: $25
Average total cost per day per horse: $32
Average length of stay for an equine: 331 days (3306/10)


POLICIES

Acquisition
Our organization acquires horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Donation  
    Free Lease  

Our organization does not acquire horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Purchase/Adoption from Owner  
    Purchase from auction  
    Purchase kill pen or feedlot  
    Return  
    Surrender  
    Seizure  
    Abandonment  

Our organization will accept the following:
    Geldings
    Mares

Not Checked:
    Pregnant Mares
    Foals
    Stallions
    Only Stallions to be castrated

Additional information about our acquisition policies and practices:
Each equine that is considered for placement in the Bridle Paths program undergoes a trial period of at least 30 days, during which time program staff evaluates the equine's suitability for engagement in activities germane to equine-assisted activities and therapies. If Bridle Paths determines at the conclusion of this trial period that the equine is unsuitable for program activities, the equine is returned to the prospective lessor or donor.
     
     Bridle Paths requires information regarding a prospective equine's vaccine and health history (including proof of current vaccinations and a negative Coggins test), and obtains all necessary information regarding illnesses, infirmities, or unsoundnesses, temperament, training, and farrier care of a prospective equine. Bridle Paths executes free lease and donation contracts with the lessors and donors of program equines. Each equine that is accepted into the Bridle Paths program receives the best of care, including all necessary vaccination, deworming, hoof care, and schooling and conditioning needs.
     
     Bridle Paths assumes full responsibility for all donated equines, including without limitation all decision-making authority regarding the care of the animal, unless otherwise specifically agreed to in writing with the donor.
     
     Equines that are free leased to the program are subject to a stated veterinary expense limit; any costs for veterinary care in excess of this expense limit are the responsibility of the lessor of the equine. Lessors of program equines are added to Bridle Paths' insurance liability policy as an additional insured.

Intake, Assessment & Training
Prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility, the organization requires the following with respect to the health status of the horse:
    A current Coggins
    Vaccination records that have been administered within the last 12 months
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, the owner is responsible for having vaccinations administered.
Not Checked:
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, our veterinarian will administer appropriate vaccinations

Prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility, the organization has the following policies in place:
    The owner of a potential horse is interviewed over the phone or in person prior to seeing the horse
    The horse is evaluated at its place of residence
    The owner completes an application/contract which constitutes the agreement between the owner and our organization
    The owner is financially responsible for the shipping of the horse to and from the organization
    Horses are on trial for up to 30 days
    Horses are on trial up to 60 days
    The trial period may be reduced based on the horse's progress
    During the trial period, the organization accepts total financial responsibility for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care
    The trial period may be terminated by either the organization or the owner for any reason
Not Checked:
    Horses are not taken on trial
    Horses are on trial for 60 or more days
    During the trial period, the organization accepts financial responsibility for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care, up to a fixed amount agreed upon by the organization and the owner
    During the trial period, the owner/donor is financially responsible for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care

Upon intake, the organization has the following quarantine policy in place:
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine at the facility for a prescribed period of time
Not Checked:
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine off-site for a prescribed period of time
    The horse is not quarantined

The typical length of quarantine is:   Up to 10 days

Following arrival of the equine at the facility, the following is performed:
    Physical examination by a veterinarian
    Physical examination by trained barn staff
    Photographs are taken
    Physical examination by a farrier
    Physical examination by a dentist
    Fecal test
Not Checked:
    A Henneke Body Conditioning Score is assigned
    Coggins test
    Blood work other than Coggins
    Vaccinations
    De-worming
    The horse is scanned to check for a microchip
    The horse is microchipped if the scan indicates that there is no microchip

Following arrival at the facility, the horse is assessed for following skills and behaviors:
    Retrieval from a pasture/paddock
    Leading with a halter and lead rope
    Temperament, disposition and attitude, such as rated from very calm to very high spirited
    Saddling
    Bridling
    Lunging
    Loading onto and unloading off a trailer
    Mounting and dismounting
    Riding at the walk
    Riding at the trot
    Riding at the canter
    Riding by a beginner and/or unbalanced rider
    Tolerance to unusual objects and loud noises
    Known vices, i.e., cribbing, biting, kicking, weaving, stall walking, etc
    Grooming
    Bathing
    Tolerance to multiple handlers at the same time
Not Checked:
    Jumping
    Driving (Pulling a carriage)
    Clipping

Horses provided formal training (groundwork or riding):   Weekly

Additional information about our intake, assessment & training policies and practices:
We also obtain information about a prospective equine's behavior in the herd, and we evaluate that behavior at the conclusion of the quarantine period.


Breeding
The organization has the following policies related to breeding and stallions:
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, does NOT breed horses.
    Our organization prohibits the breeding of horses/equines when re-homed or this statement is not applicable as all horses/equines remain at our organization for their lifetimes and are not re-homed under any circumstances.
Not Checked:
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, breeds horses
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, are permitted to house stallions

Euthanasia
The organization has the following policies related to euthanasia:
    Our organization will never have a horse euthanized for space
    Our organization may have a healthy horse euthanized if it is a threat to itself, other horses, or people
    Our organization may have a horse euthanized after all reasonable treatment options have been explored
    Euthanasia is done on site when possible to decrease trauma from transport
    Disposal of the carcass is handled within 24 hours
Not Checked:
    Our organization will never have a healthy horse euthanized under any circumstances
    Euthanasia is done at the veterinarian's facility

Horses will be euthanized upon the recommendation of:
    Veterinarian
Not Checked:
    Senior staff member without a veterinarian's recommendation
    The Board of Directors, or a member of the Board of Directors, without a veterinarian's recommendation
    Not applicable. The organization does not euthanize horses

The following are authorized to administer the procedure for your organization in accordance with state laws:
    Veterinarian
Not Checked:
    A certified euthanasia technician
    Senior staff with appropriate training
    Employee of animal control shelter or humane society with appropriate training
    Veterinary student under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian
    Not applicable. The organization does not euthanize horses

The organization utilizes the following methods of euthanasia:
    Intravenous administration of an overdose of barbiturates

Rehoming
Our organization has the following re-homing (adoption/purchase) policies and procedures in place:
    Our organization does not re-home horses under any circumstances; our organization retains custody of our horses and ensures care of the horses for their lifetimes.

Our organization has the following policies and procedures related to horses that need to be retired, are no longer useful, or are no longer manageable:
    Horses remain at our organization for their lifetimes
    In the case a horse is unmanageable and demonstrates repeated dangerous behaviors, the horse may be euthanized
    In the case a horse is unsound and/or unhealthy and cannot be treated to relieve suffering, the horse may be euthanized
Not Checked:
    Horses may be found suitable homes by our organization
    Horses may be returned to their owners
    Horses may be sent to auction
    If a suitable home cannot be located within 12 months, the horse may be euthanized


Additional information about our rehoming policies and practices:
Our thorough trial period evaluation, close coordination and relationships with horse donors, availability of both mounted and unmounted programs, and close and collaborative relationship with our program veterinarian, have enabled us to provide appropriate care and activities for program horses without the need to identify third-party retirement homes.
Re-homing Agreement not applicable.

EQUINE CARE & SHELTER/FACILITY INFORMATION

Total facilities at which our organization cares for and shelters horses used in our programs: 1

Bridle Paths
Bridle Paths
43247 Spinks Ferry Road Leesburg VA 20176
Contact: Kathleen Fallon
Contact's Phone: 571-216-9089
Contact's Email: bridlepaths@gmail.com

Please list all local, state and federal licenses held by the organization, including the expiration dates, or indicate that no licenses are required at the local, state or federal level. Please also list if this facility is accredited and recognized as compliant with the published standards of an accrediting organization, including the name of the organization and the date of the accreditation.
     Bridle Paths is a member of the Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship (PATH) International, and adheres to PATH standards for facility, administration, and programming. Bridle Paths also is a member of the Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association, and follows the precepts of EAGALA as well.

Does your organization own, lease or use a part of this facility? Lease

Provide the contact information for the individual or organization responsible for investigating abuse in the county where the facility is located, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Loudoun County Animal Sevices 39820 Charles Town Pike Mailstop #66 Waterford, VA 20197 703-777-0406 animals@loudoun.gov

Other than the animal control authority noted above, provide the contact information for all local, state and/or national authorities with whom your organization engages to address issues impacting horse welfare, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Equine Rescue League
     P.O. Box 4366
     Leesburg, VA 20177
     540-822-4577
     bubbasays2@aol.com
     
     Virginia Veterinary Medical Association
     3801 Westerre Parkway Suite D
     Henrico, VA 23233
     800-937-8862
     robin@vvma.org
     
     Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
     P.O. Box 1163
     Richmond, VA 23218
     804-786-3501
     www.vdacs.virginia.gov
     
     American Association of Equine Practitioners
     4033 Iron Works Parkway
     Lexington, KY 40511
     800-443-0177
     aaepoffice@aaep.org
     
     PATH International
     P.O. Box 33150
     Denver, CO 80233
     pathintl@pathintl.org
     800-369-7433
     
     EAGALA
     P.O. Box 993
     Santaquin, UT 84655
     877-858-4600
     www.eagala.org
     
     Loudoun County Equine Alliance
     PO Box 293
     Purcellville, Virginia 20134
     membership@loudounequine.org

Does your organization conduct Equine Assisted Services (EAS) at this facility in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS)? Yes

Total number of instructors, specialists, therapists, counselors, coaches and/or facilitators (full-time, part-time, volunteer, independent contractors, and/or service providers accompanying clients) that conduct Equine Assisted Services (EAS) in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS) AT THIS FACILITY:  3

Equine Assisted Service Providers Assigned to this Facility: (see Equine Assisted Service Provider Section below for details)

     1. Elizabeth Ratchford, LCSW
     2. Jacqueline Cleland, PsyD
     3. Kathleen Fallon

Bridle Paths

Grounds
Total number of horses involved with your programs at this facility: 9
Of the total number of horses involved with your programs at this facility, the number of horses that are microchipped: 0
Total number of horses at this facility INCLUDING those not involved with your programs: 9
Maximum capacity of horses at this facility: 10
Total acreage dedicated specifically to the horses: 20
Our organization has use of the following at this facility:
Structures/Barns: 1  Run-in sheds: 0
Pastures: 1  Paddocks/Pens: 12
Uncovered Outdoor Rings: 1  Covered Outdoor Rings: 0  Indoor Rings: 1







Regarding structures at this facility where horses are stalled:
Do horses have assigned stalls in the structure(s)?    Yes    
Do all stalls/enclosures allow horses to lie down, stand up and turn around?    Yes    
Is there adequate ceiling & beam height (a minimum of 12 feet above the tip of the horse's ear) when standing in all stalls/enclosures?    Yes    
How often are the stalls/enclosures cleaned? 6-7 Days a Week
Are floors constructed and maintained for both good drainage and traction?    Yes    
Is there a ventilation and circulation system in place to control temperature and prevent buildup of toxic gases?    Yes    
Is wiring inaccessible to horses and maintained for safety?    Yes    
Are fire prevention/protection measures (fire alarms, extinguishers and sprinkler systems) maintained and in good working order?     Yes    
Is there adequate lighting to ensure safety in all areas of facility?     Yes    
Are emergency contacts, including veterinarian contact information, conspicuously posted in easily accessible locations?    Yes    
Are human and equine first aid kits easily accessible?     Yes    

How many hours per day, on average, are horses stalled? 9-12
How many hours per day, on average, are horses turned out:
    Horses are out 9 to 15 hours per day

The following describes the pastures at this facility:
    All pastures are fenced to prevent escape or injury
    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked
    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
    Pastures are rotated
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have pastures where horses can graze on pasture grass
    This facility has a written plan in place for pasture management, which includes guidelines for seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, mowing, dragging, harrowing, manure removal, removal of debris, the control of poisonous plants, and a schedule for cleaning
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for pasture management
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Pastures have natural protection for horses (i.e., trees)
    Pastures have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)

The following describes the turnout areas other than pastures at this facility:
    All turnout areas are fenced to prevent escape or injury
    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked
    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have turnout areas
    This facility has a written plan in place for the maintenance of turnout areas, which includes a schedule for cleaning, manure removal, and dragging
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for the maintenance of turnout areas
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Turnout areas have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)

The following policies and procedures are in place at the facility to restrict public access and to keep horses safe:
    The property owner, staff member or caretaker lives on the premises and ensures that public access is restricted and is responsible for the security of the facility and horses
    No Trespassing signs are posted
    Hold Harmless signs are posted
    Authorized Personnel Only signs are posted
    Visitors are only permitted at specific times
    Visitors are only permitted in specific areas
Not Checked:
    A security guard is present at night
    Horses are checked overnight
    By Appointment Only signs are posted.
    Entrance gates are locked at night
    The property is fitted with motion lights
    The property is fitted with a security system monitored by police or a professional service
    The property is fitted with a security system that is monitored internally by staff (or the property owner)
    The perimeter of the property is fully fenced

Bridle Paths

Veterinarian Information
Vet Assessment  conducted on 04/20/2020
Veterinarian: Dr. Elizabeth Gard

18910 Beallsville Road
Beallsville   MD   20839
Phone: 301-407-0417

Equine Care
Horse Health Care/Barn Management Records: What system is used to collect and store health/horse care records?
    Notebook or equivalent (technology not utilized)
    The organization utilizes its own system to maintain records
    Our organization would use free cloud-based barn management software if available

The following items are consistent with our feed management plan and practices:
    Horses are provided with individualized feeding plans, including supplements, according to age and any health issues
    Feed plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Supplement plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Horses are fed in individual stalls
    Staff and volunteers are trained in proper feed measurements and protocols and observed periodically to ensure they are feeding correctly
    The feed chart is centrally located and updated as needed
    The area(s) where hay, feed, grain, and supplements are stored are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals in rodent-proof and mold-proof containers and grain bins
    Feed, supplements and hay types are clearly labeled
    Water sources, i.e., buckets, troughs, automatic waterers, etc. are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals
Not Checked:
    Horses are fed in groups
    Medications are kept in a locked, climate-controlled area

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the ongoing assessment of horses in its care:
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated with each visit by the veterinarian
    Photographs are taken of each horse upon arrival at the facility and kept with the horse's health records
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine chiropractor
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine acupuncturist
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine massage therapist
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine nutritionist
Not Checked:
    Horses are assigned a Henneke Body Condition score upon arrival at the facility
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated monthly
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated annually
    Photographs are taken of each horse monthly and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse annually and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse with each visit by the veterinarian and kept with the horse's health records

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the weight-carrying or workload capabilities of horses/equines in our care:
    Our organization evaluates the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine at least annually
Not Checked:
    Our organization maintains a written record for each equine that documents the results of each evaluation of weight-carrying and workload limitations
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable

The following variables are considered in determining the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine:
    Equine age, weight, breed, body condition, fitness, balance, health and soundness
    Equine conformation to include the top line, length of back, strength and width of loin, bone density (measured by the circumference of the cannon bone just below the knee)
    Size, shape, condition and angle of the hooves
    Participant weight, height, body proportions, balance, fitness and riding skills as well as behavioral issues and safety concerns
    Weight and proper fit of the saddle and other equipment
    Terrain and footing in the working environment
    Duration and frequency of working sessions, as the frequency with which an equine is subjected to maximum weight carrying and/or workload
    Nature and pace of work, repetitive or varied, radius of turns, degree of incline and regularity of footing when equine is subject to maximum weight-carrying capacity
    Temperature and/or weather conditions
    Seasonal impact on the equines' workload and weight-carrying capabilities and limitations
Not Checked:
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable

Do horses have access to clean drinking water at all times?     Yes    

Hoof Care: How often is hoof care provided for each horse? Every 4-8 weeks and when an issue arises

Dental Care: How often is dental care provided for each horse? Annually and when an issue arises

Physical Examinations: How often is each horse given a physical exam by a veterinarian? Annually and when an issue arises

Horse checks: How often are horses visually and physically checked by personnel at the facility? Every day or 6 days a week

Parasite Control: Our organization has the following worming protocols in place: (Check all that apply
    The protocol for each horse is determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Fecal testing is performed prior to the use of a de-wormer.

Fly/Insect Control: What remedies are used to control flies and insects?
    Fly Spray Repellent
    Fly Masks
    Fans

The following represent the biosecurity practices in place at facility:
    Our organization follows the AAEP's Biosecurity Guidelines and/or the UC Davis Biosecurity Guidelines
    A specific individual is assigned to care for sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cared for last if the caretaker must also care for healthy horses
    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses do not have contact with other horses or other animals
    Restricted access signs are posted at primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Hand sanitizers and footbaths are available at all primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Stalls, aisle ways, and common areas are disinfected after conclusion of the quarantine
    Horse trailers/vans used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cleaned and disinfected after each use and cleaning takes place away from where horses are sheltered
    Horse-specific equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is not shared and is clearly labeled
    Shared equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is cleaned of organic debris and disinfected after each use
    Latex gloves are worn when working with sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Personnel are required to leave the facility (or shower and change clothing) after working with quarantined horses
Not Checked:
    The organization has a written biosecurity plan
    All staff are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    All volunteers are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    Manure and bedding from sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is disposed of in specific areas designated for infectious materials - not put in open air piles, and not spread on pastures
    Horses/equines are not quarantined.

The following represent the manure removal practices in place at facility:
    Manure is piled in an area where horses are not located
    Manure is hauled, sold or given away
    Manure piles are composted or spread on pastures
    Our organization adheres to the manure management guidelines set by state and/or local authorities
Not Checked:
    Manure is stored in dumpster(s)
    Manure piles are covered

The following steps are taken to help staff and volunteers readily identify each horse on the property::
    Horses are assigned the same stall/location each day
    Name plates are located on the stall
    Photos are located on the stall
    Horses wear halters with nametags
    A notebook or binder with photos and information on each horse is easily accessible
    A map/diagram is posted showing the location of each horse with horse names and photos
    Horse photos and profiles are available on the website
    Staff/volunteers are provided training on confirmation, markings, colors, and breeds
    Team leaders work with new staff/volunteers until they are able to identify the horses
Not Checked:
    Staff and volunteers are provided with an information packet with horse profiles, including photos and detailed descriptions

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to tack, apparel and equipment:
     All horses have specifically assigned tack, apparel and equipment that is not shared
    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are fitted and utilized for each horse appropriate to the horse's needs and the weather conditions
    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are cleaned regularly as needed
    Tack is cleaned only when needed
    Tack is inspected for overall working condition before each use by trained personnel
    Tack is assessed for fit before each use by trained personnel
    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's body condition changes
    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's disposition changes
    This facility enlists the services of a professional saddle fitter at least once a year
    Assigned tack is clearly labeled
    Helmets are shared
    Helmets are cleaned/disinfected after each use
    Helmets are replaced after a fall
    Helmets are replaced at least every five years.
Not Checked:
    Saddles are shared
    Saddle pads are shared
    Bridles are shared
    Bits are shared
    Blankets are shared
    Sheets are shared
    Turnout apparel is shared
     Halters are shared
    Tack is cleaned after each use
    Tack is cleaned weekly
    Tack is stored in a climate-controlled location
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable.


Emergency Preparedness
The following plans, policies, and procedures are in place at the facility to handle emergencies and address weather related issues, fire safety procedures, and/or any additional hazardous scenarios the facility could potentially experience:
    Emergency phone numbers are posted prominently
    The facility owns or has access to a generator
    The facility maintains at least two weeks of hay, feed, shavings and medications
    The facility collects and maintains medical information from staff, volunteers, and clients
    The facility maintains appropriate liability and/or workers' compensation insurance
    All staff/volunteers are briefed regularly on emergency preparedness/safety procedures
    The organization has a written emergency preparedness/safety plan (EPP)
Not Checked:
    Emergency procedures are posted prominently

The written EPP addresses the following areas:
    Local fire department and/or the state's emergency planning department procedures
    Medical emergencies for clients, staff, and volunteers
    Medical emergencies for horses
    Evacuation plans
    Power outages
    Fire
    Natural Disasters - thunderstorm, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornados, etc
    Protocols to notify emergency personnel
    Building/facility exit plans
Not Checked:
    Terrorist attacks

The facility follows the specific procedures to help PREVENT emergency situations:
    Smoking is strictly prohibited
    NO SMOKING signs are posted prominently
    Permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled are kept free of dust, cobwebs, trash, cleaning rags, and other flammable items
    Aisles and doorways are kept clear
Not Checked:
    Hay is stored away from permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled
    Heaters with automatic shutoff settings are used

How often are the following checked or performed?
Fire Extinguishers are checked: Annually
Smoke detectors are checked: Annually
Electrical Systems are checked: Quarterly
Fence lines are checked: Weekly
Turnout Areas are checked: Weekly
Sprinkler systems are checked: Not at all/NA
Fire drills are conducted: Annually
Review of safety protocols with staff are conducted: Semi-annually
Review of safety protocols with volunteers are conducted: Semi-annually
The Emergency Preparedness Plan is reviewed and updated: Annually

Equine Transportation
2-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  1 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
3-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  1 Access offsite;
4-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
6-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
8-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
10-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;


Equine Assisted Services (EAS)
         
2019 EAAT Operations Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Horses/Equines participating in EAAT programs at this facility        
Number of horses/equines aged 3-8 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines aged 9-14 0 1 2 3
Number of horses/equines aged 15-20 0 0 3 3
Number of horses/equines Over 20 0 1 2 3
Total number of horses/equines participating in EAAT programs at this facility 0 2 7 9
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of hours per day each horse works 2 1  
Number of days per week each horse works 3 2  
         
Clients participating in EAAT programs at this facility Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Total number of individual clients (not lessons) served annually 0 15 100 115
Average number of clients (not lessons) participating in activities per week 0 2 25 27
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of days per week programs are conducted at this facility 4 1  
Number of weeks per year programs are conducted at this facility 48 48  
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Average wait list time for a client 3 Weeks 0 Weeks  
         

Additional explanation: Financial constraints preclude us from increasing our herd at this time. However, if we were to identify a large draft, warmblood, or similar breed that could carry larger adult riders, we would be interested in learning more. As we serve more veterans and service members, we have increased need for larger horses that are suitable for independent riders.



EQUINE ASSISTED SERVICE PROVIDERS


Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
Our organization provides the following Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
    Therapeutic Mounted Services
    Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
Not Checked:
    Therapeutic Driving Services
    Therapeutic Vaulting Services
    Therapeutic Unmounted Services
    Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology (Hippotherapy)
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Academic Learning
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Self-improvement/Wellness/Team Building/Personal Coaching/Professional Coaching

     1. Elizabeth Ratchford, LCSW

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         Bridle Paths

         RELATIONSHIP: Other

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Beth Ratchford is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who specializes in working with adults who have experienced trauma. Currently in private practice, Beth’s past clinical experience includes work in psychiatric hospital settings and work with homeless adults in a transitional housing program. Beth treats adults with both childhood and adult trauma and has worked with veterans and family members as well as DEA and CIA agents. Beth has also worked with non-profits providing supportive services to vulnerable children and families in Sierra Leone. Beth is certified as a mental health professional through EAGALA.


     2. Jacqueline Cleland, PsyD

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         Bridle Paths

         RELATIONSHIP: Independent Contractor

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Licensed clinical psychologist Jacqueline Cleland, PsyD, has devoted her life’s work—spanning over three decades—to promoting the health and wellbeing of a broad range of service populations. She has held administrative and direct service positions in local, state, and federal agencies including the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, U.S. Department of Justice, and the State of Iowa Office of the Attorney General. She completed a doctoral program in clinical psychology with a concentration in child and adolescent development and psychopathology. Areas of clinical specialty include complex trauma and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Dr. Cleland is not currently certified as a mental health professional by EAGALA. She works with the equine-assisted psychotherapy groups funded by the VA Adaptive Sports Grant.


     3. Kathleen Fallon

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         Bridle Paths

         RELATIONSHIP: Volunteer

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Kathleen Fallon has more than 16 years of experience in all aspects of equine assisted activities and therapies, including service as volunteer coordinator, program director, executive director, and instructor for an established therapeutic horseback riding program before founding Bridle Paths. She received her PATH International Registered Therapeutic Riding Instructor certification in September 2004 and and her Advanced Instructor certification in October 2008, and she has experience teaching children and adults with a wide range of physical, cognitive, behavioral, and other disabilities. As noted above, she received her EAGALA Equine Specialist certification in August 2010. She received her certification as a PATH, Intl. Equine Specialist in Mental Health and Learning in early 2017. She converted to the PATH, Intl. CTRI certification in December 2019. Kathleen was certified as a Masterson Method Equine Specialist in January 2020. She received certification in the HERD Institute's Level 1 Equine-Facilitated Learning program, and is in training to join the faculty of the HERD Institute. Kathleen also has more than 20 years of horseback riding lessons and other riding experience, including experience with evaluating and selecting potential horses for equine assisted activities and managing the schooling and training of these horses. Finally, she holds current certification in CPR and First Aid for adults, children, and infants. Kathleen Fallon holds undergraduate and graduate degrees in International Relations from Georgetown University and Columbia University, respectively, both conferred with highest honors.



EQUINE CENSUS SUMMARY

Total Facilities: 1
Bridle Paths: 2019 - Yes

9 Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2019
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2019
0 Donated
1 Free Lease
0 Purchase/Adoption from Owner
0 Purchased from Auction
0 Purchased from Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned
0 Transfer
0 Born at facility
1 Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2019
0 Horses adopted/sold:
1 Horses transferred/returned
0 Horses deceased
0 Horses euthanized
1 Total departures
9 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2019
9 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
0 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: 9 on 1/1/2019+ 1 Intakes - 1 Departures = 9 on 12/31/2019

Total days that equines were in the care of Bridle Paths during 2019: 3306


2019 Bridle Paths Equine Census
9 Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2019
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2019
0 Donated
1 Free Lease
0 Purchase/Adoption from Owner
0 Purchased from Auction
0 Purchased from Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned
0 Transfer
0 Born at facility
1 Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2019
0 Horses adopted/sold:
1 Horses transferred/returned
0 Horses deceased
0 Horses euthanized
1 Total departures
9 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2019
9 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
0 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: 9 on 1/1/2019+ 1 Intakes - 1 Departures = 9 on 12/31/2019



1 Horse Intake Detail during 2019 0
0 Donated 0
1 Free Leased 0
1Warm Blood 1 Aged 15-20  1 Mares
0 Purchased from Owner 0
0 Purchased from Auction 0
0 Purchased from Kill Pen/Feedlot 0
0 Surrendered 0
0 Seized 0
0 Abandoned 0
0 Returned 0
0 Transferred 0
0 Born at facility 0







Definitions:
Donated: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a donation document.
Free Lease: The ownership of the equine is maintained by the owner/trainer/responsible agent; the custody and responsibility for the shelter and care of the equine is transferred to the organization utilizing a free lease document.
Purchased from Owner: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a purchase document.
Purchased from Auction: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by purchasing the equine at an auction.
Purchased from Kill Pen: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by purchasing the equine from a kill pen.
Surrendered (Hardship): The ownership and custody of the equine is relinquished to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent with or without the use of an intake document.
Seized: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization as a result of the equine being seized by law enforcement or another agency and removed from the owner.
Abandoned: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization as a result of the equine being abandoned by the owner or the owner was unable to be located.
Returned: The equine was previously a part of the organization, was adopted, and ownership and custody of the equine has been transferred back to the organization.
Transferred: The custody of the equine is transferred within an organization or from one organization to another non-profit or foster organization to provide retirement, retraining, rehabilitation and/or adoption services with no change in ownership.
Born: The equine was born at the facility.

Foal: An equine up to one year old; a colt is a male foal and a filly is a female foal.
Mare: A female equine.
Stallion: A male equine that has not been castrated.
Gelding: A castrated male equine.

Equine Assisted Services (EAS): Any activity that incorporates equine interactions and/or the equine environment, mounted or unmounted, to include 1) psychotherapy and/or mental health counseling aimed at achieving goals set forth by the licensed mental health professional and the client, 2) occupational therapy, physical therapy, and speech-language pathology treatment strategies utilizing equine movement set forth by the licensed therapist and the client, 3) horsemanship instruction adapted to the ability/disability of those receiving services, for the puropse of contributing positively to their cognitive, physical, emotional and social well-being conducted by a certified professional, and 4) experiential learning approaches that promote the development of life skills to achieve educational, professional and personal goals conducted by a licensed educator, mental health professional or coach. Please refer to our Guidelines for Conducting EAS for additional information.

Special Needs: Any difficulty or difficulties (such as a physical, emotional, behavioral, or cognitive disability or impairment) that require or benefit from instructors, specialists, counselors, trainers and/or facilitators who have certified training for their scope of practice applicable to the people participating in the programs and specific to the program offerings. The difficulty may not be limited to a health issue but may result from the interaction between the individual and the society in which he or she lives arising from an abusive or unhealthy environment or situation and/or a lack of resources, including economic resources, placing them at risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes.

At-Risk: Refers to being at-risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes. Youth are considered at-risk for a number of reasons, such as if they are homeless or transient, involved in drugs or alcohol, abused sexually, physically or emotionally, mentally ill, neglected at home or live in stressful family environments, lacking social or emotional supports, and involved with delinquent peers. At-Risk youth are likely to be involved in a number of risky behaviors, such as running away, skipping school, drinking underage, engaging in sexual behavior, displaying disruptive behavior, bullying/harassment, fighting, and committing acts of vandalism.

Community Outreach: Refers to activities and public education programs aimed at educating the public about the horse-human bond, issues impacting the welfare of horses, and how horses change lives. This could include, but is not limited to, any activity OTHER THAN Equine Assisted Services (EAS) that require a credentialed service provider, such as off site visits from horses, on site tours, seminars and clinics, camps, community service hours, able-bodied mounted and unmounted lessons, etc.